Mortgage Rates Surge on Inflation Expectations
June 16, 2022
Mortgage rates surged as the 30-year fixed-rate mortgage moved up more than half a percentage point, marking the largest one-week increase in our survey since 1987. These higher rates are the result of a shift in expectations about inflation and the course of monetary policy. Higher mortgage rates will lead to moderation from the blistering pace of housing activity that we have experienced coming out of the pandemic, ultimately resulting in a more balanced housing market.
Average commitment rates should be reported along with average fees and points to reflect the total upfront cost of obtaining the mortgage. Visit the following link for the Definitions. Borrowers may still pay closing costs which are not included in the survey.
Week of June 20, 2022 in Review
Inventory issues continue to impact home sales and rental home prices while Fed Chair Powell said a recession is “certainly a possibility.” Here are the key stories:
Existing Home Sales Still Strong Into Summer
Existing Home Sales, which measure closings on existing homes, showed that sales were down 3.4% in May at a 5.41 million-unit annualized pace. This data likely reflects people shopping for homes in March and April, which included much of the rise in rates we’ve seen this year – but not all of it. On a year over year basis, sales were down 8.6%, though this level is still quite strong considering higher rates, higher home prices and tight inventory.
What’s the bottom line? There were 1.16 million homes available for sale at the end of May, which is 12.6% higher than April’s inventory level. However, this equates to just a 2.6 months’ supply of homes. Six months is considered a balanced market, so this data speaks to the ongoing imbalance of supply and demand, which should continue to be supportive of home prices. In addition, 88% of homes that sold in May were on the market for less than one month, which should also be supportive of home prices.
And speaking of prices, the median home price was reported at $407,600, which is up almost 15% year over year. Remember that the median home price is not the same as appreciation. It simply means half the homes sold were above that price and half were below it. This figure continues to be skewed by the mix of sales, as sales on the lower end were down sharply on an annual basis, while sales of homes above $500,000 were much higher.
The Real Scoop on New Home Inventory
New Home Sales, which measure signed contracts on new homes, were up 10.7% in May to a 696,000-unit annualized pace. Not only was this above expectations, but the report is stronger than it appears because there was a positive revision to April’s data. When factoring that in, sales were up 18% from the initially reported number. Year over year, sales fell 5.9%.
The median home price remained steady at $449,000, which is up 15% year over year and points to an increase in higher priced homes sold. As noted above, the median home price is not the same as appreciation.
What’s the bottom line? There were 444,000 homes for sale at the end of May, representing a 7.7 months’ supply. However, only 37,000 or about 6% were actually completed. The rest were either not started or under construction, which speaks to the delays and supply chain constraints builders have faced.
Fed Chair Powell Testifies That Recession Is “Certainly a Possibility”
Fed Chair Jerome Powell delivered his Semiannual Monetary Policy Report to Congress last week, where he stressed that the Fed is committed to bringing inflation back down to their 2% target and that they’re using all of their tools to do so. He also stressed that the public should believe that they will get inflation back down to 2% over time.
What’s the bottom line? On the topic of recession fears, Powell changed his tune regarding a “soft landing,” which means the Fed can slowdown or tighten the economy in their attempt to bring inflation under control while avoiding a recession. He acknowledged that pulling off a soft landing would be “very challenging” and that a recession is “certainly a possibility.”
Single-family Rent Price Growth Hits New Record
CoreLogic’s Single-family Rent Index showed that rents experienced their thirteenth consecutive month of record-breaking annual gains in April. Single-family rent prices were up by 14% year over year, with pricing pressure coming from a shortage of rental properties on the market. April’s rent price growth was more than double the increase that was reported in April 2021 and more than six times higher than the growth seen in April 2020.
What’s the bottom line? Rental prices for detached homes grew more rapidly in 2021 than they did for attached homes, given buyers’ desire for more space following the pandemic. However, the lack of inventory caused the gap between attached and detached property rental growth to begin narrowing last fall. As of the latest report, attached rental property prices grew by 13.7% year over year in April, versus the 13.5% increase for detached homes.
Is An Increase In Jobless Claims Ahead?
Initial Jobless Claims fell by 2,000 in the latest week, as 229,000 people filed for unemployment benefits for the first time. Continuing Claims, which measure people who continue to receive benefits after their initial claim is filed, increased by 5,000 to 1.315 million, which is just above a 50-year low.
What’s the bottom line? While Initial Jobless Claims decreased in the latest week, the 4-week average is at the highest level since late January. This could be an early sign that companies are starting to not only pause hiring but are also beginning to lay people off due to slowdowns. We have heard announcements of significant layoffs from several public companies, which will start to show up in these numbers, so this is something important to monitor in the weeks ahead.
What to Look for This Week
More housing news is ahead, beginning with Monday’s release of Pending Home Sales for May. Home price appreciation data for April follows on Tuesday when the Case-Shiller Home Price Index and the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) House Price Index are reported.
Wednesday brings the final reading on first quarter Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Remember that the technical definition of a recession is two consecutive quarters of negative economic growth as measured by GDP. Given that the second estimate for first quarter GDP was -1.5%, the final estimate will be important to monitor.
Thursday brings the latest Jobless Claims data, as usual, along with crucial inflation numbers for May via the Fed’s favored measure, Personal Consumption Expenditures.
Mortgage Bonds are still trading in the middle of a wide range between support at 99.28 and overhead resistance at 100.60. Expect continued volatility while in this range. The 10-year is trading in a wide range of its own between support at 3.0% and resistance at 3.25%.